The Road Map for Shipping Development can be noted
According to the State Councilundefineds opinions on promoting the healthy development of the shipping industry, by 2020, China has built a modern marine system of safe, convenient, efficient, green, and internationally competitive.
At the beginning of this year, the year of the opening of "13th Five-Year", the representatives of the Hong Kong and navigation industry participating in the "two sessions" of the whole country have built a new chapter for the healthy development of the Hong Kong and Hong Kong industry and made a new chapter in promoting the healthy development of the Hong Kong and Hong Kong industry. For this reason, the reporter wrote the voice of the Hong Kong and navigation of the national two meetings of the country.
Recently, reporters further combed, found that the "13th Five-Year" shipping route map has many notable points, summed up several key words.
Speed up the construction of shipping center，The location of the construction of the "four centers" in Shanghai was first made clear when the State Council approved the "overall urban planning of Shanghai" in 2001. In addition to Shanghai, the currently recognized shipping centers at the national level include Tianjin, Dalian, Xiamen, Nanjing, Wuhan, Chongqing, and local government building Qingdao, Guangzhou, Shenzhen and many other shipping centers.
These shipping centers are located at three levels with their own advantages and characteristics: the first level serves the global shipping market and has the ability to configure the global shipping resources, such as the Shanghai shipping center; the second level has regional international service capabilities, such as the Tianjin shipping center, and the third level service at the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, such as Wuhan shipping center. At which level shipping center plays an extremely important role in promoting the development of regional economic integration.
The construction of the "four centers" in Shanghai has also appeared at the same time in the planning of the Yangtze Economic Belt. The plan proposed that the "leading role of the four centers" should be played in Shanghai. This means that the construction of the "four centers" will be an important part of the national strategy for the construction of the Yangtze Economic Belt."13th Five-Year" in the "urbanization layout" chapter proposed "the construction of the Yangtze River Delta world-class city group", which includes 26 cities, such as Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui and other provinces and cities, which is the most developed economy in China and the highest urban agglomeration in the urban area, taking only 2.1% of the countryundefineds land area and concentrating the total economic total of the national 1/4. And the industrial added value above 1/4. This is a profound significance for Shanghai. Experts believe that this means that Shanghai should change the concept of development, turn from the urban perspective to the "city group", and the new dimension of regional integration.
During the "13th Five-Year", the middle reaches of the Yangtze River shipping center in Wuhan will be basically completed. In 5 years, 169 projects are planned and the investment is planned to be nearly 200 billion yuan. Guangdong, Tianjin and other places also put forward the construction of the shipping center. The double wheel drive of the Sea airport has become the target for the development of all parts of the country.
Experts point out that the construction of the shipping center is of great significance to the transformation and long-term development of the cityundefineds economy. With the layout of the overall open shipping center as the grasp, the rapid development of the economic center and the trade center, the linkage of the shipping center, the financial center and the trade center, the gathering of people in the world, the logistics and the capital flow. In view of the construction of the shipping center and drawing on the experience of the construction of the shipping center of the global free port area, the international shipping cities with various characteristics are built, and a new and open new layout of the linkage development is constructed.
Perfect the collection and transportation system<br/>Infrastructure interoperability, port transportation system is objective demand of the construction of the shipping center, the priority areas is The Belt and Road construction.
The western region will take advantage of the regional advantages, promote the interconnection of the backbone networks with the surrounding countries, and improve the level of transport facilitation. Yunnan has a unique location advantage for "Sanya" (East Asia, Southeast Asia, South Asia), shoulder to shoulder "two ocean" (Pacific, India ocean). During the "13th Five-Year", Yunnan province strives to form an all round and open international We should fully cooperate with the state to promote international road construction, such as China and Myanmar, China and old Thailand, China and India and Myanmar, to accelerate the interconnection of key road networks in the surrounding countries. Step up the level of international transport facilitation.
As the core area of the "Silk Road Economic Belt", during the "13th Five-Year", the Xinjiang autonomous region made great efforts to promote the interconnected level of open traffic to the West. On the one hand, to speed up the construction of the large highway in the District, strengthen the interconnection and intercommunication between the external channel and the domestic road network, and promote the policy communication with the transportation network connectivity, trade unimpeded, fund financing, and the people. On the other hand, we should strengthen the development of international road transport and actively cooperate with the Ministry of transportation to energetically open up the multilateral international road transport routes, such as China, Russia and Russia, China, Mongolia and Russia, improve the coverage and depth of the transport lines, and actively promote the development of International road transport in China, Russia, China, China, China, China, China, China, China and Mongolia, and continue to implement international road transport. Road transport brand demonstration project, strive to improve service quality.
The eastern coastal areas will give full play to the advantages of ports, speed up the construction of maritime transport corridors, and improve the function of international shipping services.
The Yangtze River economic belt across the three major regions of East and West, covering 11 provinces, 600 million people, with unique advantages and great potential for development. The Yangtze River is the gold channel in which the freight volume ranks first in the world, and the freight volume of the Yangtze River trunk line exceeded 21.8 million tons last year. The "13th Five-Year" period of the transportation and transportation departments will improve the function of the golden waterway of the Yangtze River. In this year and in the next 5 years, the Yangtze River golden waterway will be the main axis, the railway transportation network along the Yangtze River will be strengthened, the road transport network is optimized, the air transport network is expanded, and the comprehensive transport corridor will be accelerated.
According to the thirteenth five year plan outline of the national economy and social development of Fujian Province, as the core area of the "twenty-first Century Maritime Silk Road", Fujian will build an important hub for interconnection and interoperability in the "13th Five-Year" period. Strengthen the construction of the sea passage, promote the cooperation with the port and port of the national and the ground areas along the "HAIs", and strive for the opening of Fujian Taiwan. Bay - Hongkong - ASEAN cruise line. Strengthen the construction of air hub and air passage, actively expand overseas routes, improve land and sea intermodal transport channels, promote the construction of land passageway focusing on the port collection and transportation system, improve port customs clearance system, speed up the construction of port infrastructure, and actively create the "sea of twenty-first Century" for the whole country and the world. The strategic channel and comprehensive hub of the core area of the silk road.
In Southern China, the "13th Five-Year" period of Guangdong province will accelerate the construction of the logistics hub of the Guangdong, Hong Kong, Macao and the Great Bay area, and build a comprehensive logistics large channel based on Guangdong, Hong Kong, Macao, Asia and the Asia and the Asia Pacific, the global logistics, the land and sea transport channels of the countries and regions along the line, the establishment of cooperation mechanism with the countries and regions along the line, and the integration of logistics information. At the same time, we should speed up the construction of the modern shipping service gathering area, promote the innovation of shipping policy in the pilot Free Trade Zone, and improve the function of international shipping service.
The Guangxi autonomous region will give full play to the unique advantages of the land and sea adjacent to the ASEAN countries, make efforts to build and improve the international major channel out of the province, strengthen the interconnection with the infrastructure of South Asia and Southeast Asia, and rationally configure the scale, structure and layout of the integrated transportation network. At the same time, further strengthen the open cooperation and expand the scope of radiation. We should improve the level of international transport facilitation services and accelerate the formation of a new pattern of transportation and transportation along the coast along the Yangtze River.
In the next 5 years, Liaoning province of Northeast China will promote the construction of "liaoman Europe", "liaomeng Europe" and "Liao Hai Europe", with the emphasis on promoting the transportation, transportation, distribution and other transportation organizations, strengthening the effective connection of important cities, industrial parks, logistics parks and large channels, and promoting the integration of port customs. Level.
In addition, the three transportation departments of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei will take active action in terms of strengthening infrastructure construction and improving comprehensive transport services in accordance with the planning of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei in the next 5 years and in the coming years to promote the first breakthrough in traffic integration in Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei.
Building green shipping<br/>PM2.5 has aroused peopleundefineds increasing attention to air quality, and the emission of maritime transport has aroused unprecedented attention. During the 13th Five-Year "green development", the establishment of emission control zones was put on the agenda and progressively implemented.
Gao Meiqin, a member of the National Committee of the Chinese peopleundefineds Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), said that oil containing sewage, domestic sewage, garbage and gas emitted from burning diesel fuel are important sources of pollution, not only endangering the water environment of the river, but also the threat to the atmosphere of the port. Enter the Yangtze River shipping green development, strengthen ship pollution prevention and clean energy ship type promotion and application.
Tang Guanjun, director of the Yangtze River shipping administration, said the Changjiang Shipping Bureau will speed up the development of the Yangtze River shipping with the important features of green environmental protection. It will provide solid support and support for the construction of the Yangtze Economic Belt. Measurement, evaluation system, scientific comprehensive policy, promote the implementation of the "green Yangtze River" project, strictly control ships, port pollution, promote the use of shore power, set up a ship ban area, layout dangerous chemical ship washing station and so on, and protect the ecological environment. At the same time, Tang Guanjun believes that the condition of improving the flood control limit water level of the Three Gorges water control project has been proved.
Yang Xiaoxia, the representative of the National Peopleundefineds Congress, proposed that the air pollution of coastal ships should not be ignored. The legislation and standards should be strengthened as soon as possible. The lack of environmental protection standards for ships and the lag of marine environmental management are also the important reasons for the pollution of ships. The proposal is led by the national environmental protection department and drafts the mandatory laws and regulations on the emission of the relevant restricted port pollutants. In the construction of clean energy facilities in the port, the preferential policies for the mandatory use of clean energy are formulated. The maritime department strengthens the supervision and management of the ships entering the port. The ships in Hong Kong use low sulfur diesel to punish violating the regulations. Strengthen the construction of the green port, implement the "oil change" in the port tug and use the LNG tug to reduce the shipundefineds ship Exhaust emissions.
Hu Keyi, the general engineer of the Jiangnan Shipbuilding Industry, proposed that China should pay more attention to the environmental pollution caused by the shipundefineds emissions, take the construction of the shipping center as an opportunity to speed up the implementation of the emission standards in the coastal areas, promote the application and matching of new energy or alternative energy, and improve the transport and transport of transportation to improve the effect of comprehensive emission reduction.
The "13th Five-Year" plan clearly put forward "water pollution control and environmental comprehensive renovation in Hangzhou bay", "implement the internal control of river and lake in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River" and "promote the comprehensive management of the seven major river basins, such as the Yangtze River", and point out that the provinces and cities should cooperate and cooperate to promote the joint prevention and control of environmental pollution.
Large integration of Hong Kong and navigation Enterprises According to the plan, by 2020, the competitiveness of Chinaundefineds shipping industry will be significantly improved, the world status of the export of maritime service trade is further promoted, the balance of import and export is obviously improved, and a number of large and powerful shipping groups are formed.
Last December 29th, the SASAC announced that, with the approval of the State Council, China Sinotrans Changhang group incorporated into the China Merchants Group as a wholly-owned subsidiary.
The Chinese ocean ocean shipping group, which was merged by the former central and remote shipping center of China and China, was set up in Shanghai in February 18th. A total of 74 asset transactions were reorganized and the transaction amount was 60 billion yuan, which has been called the most complex transaction in the history of the capital market by the industry.
Xu Lirong, chairman of China ocean ocean shipping group, said that the current shipping industry continued to be in the doldrums. The two enterprises in the past have been in their own terms, there is a homogeneous distribution, there is no advantage in the subdivision market and can not stand the heel in the international competition. After the integration of resources, the resources of the two enterprises are enlarged to produce greater synergy.